* Change in education policy after 34 years, 10th board expires, MPhil will also be closed *

* Ministry of Human Resources will now be Ministry of Education *

New Delhi: The Cabinet has approved the New Education Policy 2020. Education policy has been changed after 34 years. HRD Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’ said that this policy will pave an important path. This will prove to be a milestone in the construction of new India. Opinion on this policy has been taken from every corner of the country and the opinions of all sections of people have been included in it. For the first time in the history of the country, it has happened that everyone’s opinion has been taken on such a large level.


Significant changes


– Under the new education policy, now students up to 5th will be taught in mother tongue, local language and national language only.



– The rest of the subjects, even if they are English, will be taught as a subject.


Now, only the board exams have to be taken in the 12th standard. Whereas before it was mandatory to take the 10th board examination, which will not happen now.



– Examination will be done in the semester from 9th to 12th class. Schooling will be taught under the 5 + 3 + 3 + 4 formula


The same college degree will be 3 and 4 years old. That is, certificate will be given on first year of graduation, diploma on second year, degree in third year.



– The 3-year degree is for those students who do not have to take higher education. At the same time, students doing higher education will have to do a 4-year degree. Students doing 4 years degree will be able to do MA in one year.


Now students will not have to do MPhil. Rather MA students will now be able to do PHD directly. New Education Policy


1) SSRA (State School Regulatory Authority) will be formed, whose chief will be associated with the Department of Education.


2) 4 year integrated B.Ed., 2 year B.Ed. or 1 year B. Ed course.


3) Pre Primary Education under ECCE (Early Childhood Care and Education) through Anganwadi and Schools.


4) TET will be applied up to secondary level.


5) शिक्षकों को गैर शैक्षणिक कार्यों से हटाया जाएगा, सिर्फ चुनाव ड्यूटी लगेगी, BLO ड्यूटी से शिक्षक हटेंगे, MDM se भी शिक्षक हटेंगे।


6) स्कूलों में एसएमसी/एसडीएमसी के साथ SCMC यानी स्कूल कॉम्प्लेक्स मैनेजमेंट कमेटी बनाई जाएगी।


7) शिक्षक नियुक्ति में डेमो/स्किल टेस्ट और इंटरव्यू भी शामिल होंगे।


8) नई ट्रांसफर पॉलिसी आयेगी जिसमें ट्रांसफर लगभग बन्द हो जाएंगे, ट्रांसफर सिर्फ पदोन्नति पर ही होंगे।


9) ग्रामीण इलाकों में स्टाफ क्वार्टर बनाए जाएंगे, केंद्रीय विद्यलयों की तर्ज पर।


10) RTE को कक्षा 12 तक या 18 वर्ष की आयु तक लागू किया जाएगा।


11) मिड डे मील के साथ हैल्थी ब्रेकफास्ट भी स्कूलों में दिया जाएगा।


12) Three language based स्कूली शिक्षा होगी।


13) Foreign language course भी स्कूलों में शुरू होंगे।


14) विज्ञान ओर गणित को बढ़ावा दिया जाएगा, हर सीनियर सैकंडरी स्कूल में science or math विषय अनिवार्य होंगे।


15) स्थानीय भाषा भी शिक्षा का माध्यम होगी।


16) NCERT पूरे देश में नोडल एजेंसी होगी।


17) स्कूलों में राजनीति व सरकार का हस्तक्षेप लगभग समाप्त हो जाएगा।


18) There will be a credit based system which will make it easy and easy to change college, any college can be changed in between.


19) In the new education policy, only 4-year B.Ed after B.Ed inter, 2 years B.Ed after graduation, 1 year B.Ed course after Masters.

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